Dear lazy web,
I've been working for the last year as an informatics teacher at high school and I'm playing with the idea of trying to migrate a couple of machines (mine for the start, I still need to connect to remote win desktop for certain tasks :-D) fully to Linux which would work as well as the windows machines WRT network shares which are on a windows AD server that I don't have admin access to. There are couple of problems, some of which I was able to solve, some of which I have an idea how to solve and some of which I don't now at all how to solve, any pointers appreciated! I'm testing this on Fedora 20 by the way.
Joining the domain
This one took me a lot time to solve and I had a couple of times when I gave up. Mostly because I didn't know the AD server hostname and even when I found it, I still couldn't get it to work via the system-config-authentication, nor the config files in /etc. By chance I was lucky to run across a QA test case for joining the AD domain! Well, and that worked like a charm. So the trick is to run:
$ realm join --user=User ad.example.com
Kinda superfluous for me, but a real need when there would be more users to use the computer. That was what I was originally trying to achieve. After joining the domain with the above example, it started to work magically. I don't remember if there was anything else that I needed to set up, probably not. But you definitely need oddjob-mkhomedir that sets up the environment when a new user (unknown to the local computer) logs in for the first time. I believe it should be installed automagically during the join. I've tried it in CLI and in LightDM, both worked by the time I successfully joined.
Mounting remote locations
Well, this is the last thing I was able to do. It does not require logging in, it does require joining the domain. You must fill your login credentials, though, if you don't have a guest share. I've run across a bug in gvfs-samba ‒ when I'm copying multiple files over the network, it hangs. So for the network shares I'm using Dolphin at the moment. The GUI managers I've tried work both in the same way, just go to the location bar, type smb://username@domain/share, you're asked for a password, then it mounts and you can use it. In Thunar, which uses gvfs, you need gvfs-samba package. You can also mount it in CLI:
On my old notebook which was essentially multiple times upgraded old fedoras this also created a mount point in the filesystem (somewhere under /run/user/gvfs), in my new computer (which has fresh Fedora 20), this does not create a mount point in the filesystem. Quick search on the internet showed, I need gvfs-fuse package and its daemon running. Then it appears under /run/user/⟨uid⟩/gvfs/* which then can be easily symlinked for wine to appear as a drive if needed.
Mounting the shared network shares on login
Now, here's where I have vague idea that I could probably call something like gvfs-mount on login, the problem is that it needs password. Is there a way to pass the credentials from login credentials to the mount data? Or ask for them only for the first time and in gui (meaning the mount point is created automatically, the user is asked for login credentials which are then saved in his default keyring)? The path to network share should be same for all users.
Mounting user specific network shares on login
Now, the same as above, but the network path depends on the user, i.e. something like smb://username@domain/share/username.
Doing the above two for new users as well
How do I run a custom script when a local user is created during first remote login?
"Mounting" the network shares as drives in wine
Now, here I have an idea that some simple symlinking should do the trick, the network shares names should stay the same (even the directories they appear in the filesystem), so it shouldn't be a problem.
So, once again, any help, pointers, suggestions are very welcome, I'll try to keep this post updated with new information and new solutions.
UPDATE: Solution to user automount problem
So, with the help of people that commented in the comments section, I found a solution that's called pam_mount. I'm not sure how to do it the right way (TM), but here's what made it work for me:
auth optional pam_mount.sobefore
auth sufficient pam_winbind.so cached use_first_pass, so that the credentials are shared between pam mount and login to AD. I added it to
/etc/pam.d/system-auth, I'm not sure that's the correct way though.
session optional pam_mount.soso that pam_mount is executed at the start of the session. I added it to the end of the same file as above.
/etc/security/pam_mount.conf.xml. Typical line would look like
<volume user="*" sgrp="DOMAIN\domain users" fstype="cifs" server="domain.server.org" path="Shares/Usr_home/%(DOMAIN_USER)" mountpoint="/home/DOMAIN/%(DOMAIN_USER)/.ad/%(DOMAIN_USER)" />
And voila, it works. I only have one still unsolved issue with this, and that's I cannot get it not to use
nounix mount options. I haven't tried yet, if it's a problem with pam_mount, or mount.cifs (i. e. if the server/client combination support cifs unix extensions like POSIX acls)...